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China Law Insight

China Depth, International Expertise

该不该给间断性工作的劳动者加班费?

Posted in Labor & Employment

作者:尹居全 潘发銮 金杜律师事务所劳动

案情概要

A为X1之子,X2之夫,X3、X4之父。A在B物业公司的存车处上班,并在该地下一层车辆出入口值班室工作生活。存车处每天开门时间为6时至24时。A于2012年1月29日因病死亡,X1、X2、X3、X4认为A在工作期间经常加班,B公司却不为其缴纳养老保险、安排带薪年休假,还欠付部分最低工资,故起诉请求确认A与B公司存在劳动关系并要求B公司如数给付上诉款项。

案经一审法院判决确认A与B公司存在劳动关系,并判令B公司向X1、X2、X3、X4支付一定数额的加班费、未休年休假工资、工资差额以及未缴纳养老保险补偿金。X1、X2、X3、X4与B公司均不服一审判决,上诉至北京市第二中级人民法院。 Continue Reading

高铁“走出去”——知识产权战略先行

Posted in M&A

作者:田文静 秦玉公 林举琛   金杜律师事务所公司并购

从无到有,我国凭借后发优势,快速发展为世界上高铁发展速度最快、系统技术最全、集成能力最强、运营里程最长、运行速度最高、在建规模最大的国家,在高铁技术创新及建设方面取得了举世瞩目的成就。中国高铁企业纷纷谋求扩充海外市场份额,国家总理李克强更是扮演起了“高铁推销员”的角色,世界高铁市场的格局已经被悄然改变。中国高铁的“走出去”打破了日本、德国、法国等少数几个国家长期垄断世界高铁市场的局面,触动了传统高铁巨头的奶酪,这必然会引起竞争对手的高度关注和运用包括知识产权在内的手段实施的竞争遏制。近年来不断有国外媒体散播中国高铁“走出去”涉嫌抄袭、侵权的言论就是很好的例证。

另一方面,2004年以来,由原铁道部主导组织的高铁技术引进(例如CRH1型高铁由中国南车四方机车车辆股份有限公司与加拿大庞巴迪设立合资公司生产,CRH2型高铁由中国南车四方机车车辆股份有限公司从日本川崎重工引进新干线E2-1000技术后生产,CRH3型高铁由中国北车集团唐山轨道客车有限责任公司从德国西门子引进ICE3技术后生产,CRH5型高铁由中国北车长春轨道客车股份有限公司从法国阿尔斯通引进SM3技术后生产)的历史,以及中国高铁一定程度上依靠技术引进和集成而非原始创新的现实,令知识产权成为高铁“走出去”项目中最为敏感的问题。 Continue Reading

建设项目环境影响评价面临的新变化

Posted in Mergers & Acquisitions

作者:吴青 廖倬跃 金杜律师事务所公司并购

《中华人民共和国环境保护法》(以下简称“环保法”)已于2015年1月1日正式实施。由环保部制定的、与环保法相配套的《企业事业单位环境信息公开办法》(以下简称“环境信息公开办法”)也已同步实施。

与此同时,为保障环保法的有效实施,国务院办公厅于2014年11月、12月先后出台了《国务院办公厅关于加强环境监管执法的通知》(以下简称“56号文”)、《国务院办公厅关于印发精简审批事项规范中介服务实行企业投资项目网上并联核准制度工作方案的通知》(以下简称“59号文”)等,对环境监管执法、环评审批等均提出了明确的要求。

根据前述法律、规章及文件,建设项目环境影响评价(以下简称“项目环评”)的审批、信息公开及监管都将面临新的变化。 Continue Reading

香港证券监管惩罚趋严

Posted in Securities

作者:焦黄诗允(Barbara Chiu)金杜律师事务所香港办公室

香港《证券及期货条例》(香港法例第571章)(“证券及期货条例”)是规范香港证券及期货市场的法例,并针对金融市场的失当行为规定了全面的民事和刑事处罚制度。另外,《公司(清盘及杂项条文)条例》(香港法例第32章)(“公司(清盘及杂项条文)条例”)也在第40条(就招股章程内错误陈述的民事法律责任)和第40A条(就招股章程内错误陈述的刑事法律责任)规定了错误陈述的民事和刑事处罚,旨在为公众投资者提供保护。

本文中,我们将重点探讨证券及期货条例第277条(披露虚假或具误导性的资料以诱使进行交易)、第298条(披露虚假或具误导性的资料以诱使进行交易的罪行)及第384条(提供虚假或具误导性的数据)中关于披露虚假或具误导性资料的内容,以及公司(清盘及杂项条文)条例(香港法例第32章)第40和40A条。 Continue Reading

Foreign Equity Ratios In Operating E-commerce Business Platform Can Reach 100%

Posted in Mergers & Acquisitions

By Wang Rui and Xiao Yu   King & Wood Mallesons’ M&A Group

In 2014, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (“MIIT”) and Shanghai Municipal Government issued a series of regulations in relation to opening up value-added telecommunication services to foreign investments within the Shanghai Free Trade Zone[1].  According to these regulations, the restrictions on foreign investments in seven categories of value-added telecommunication services[2], which were listed under the current Classification Catalogue of Telecommunication Services[3] (“Classification Catalogue of Telecommunication Services (2003)”), have been relaxed to different degrees[4].  Among which, the percentage cap on foreign equity ownership of companies providing “Online Data Processing and Transaction Processing Services (Operating E-commerce)” has been lifted from 50% to 55%.  Meanwhile, the approval and establishment process for foreign invested telecommunication enterprises have been substantially simplified in the Shanghai Free Trade Zone[5], and such enterprises are permitted to provide relevant value-added telecommunication services on a nationwide basis[6]. Continue Reading

《应收账款质押登记办法(修订征求意见稿)》解读

Posted in Finance

作者:钟鑫 胡喆 陈府申 金杜律师事务所银行

2015年1月21日, 中国人民银行颁布了《应收账款质押登记办法(修订征求意见稿)》(以下简称“《征求意见稿》”), 向社会公开征求意见。此次对《应收账款质押登记办法》(以下简称“《登记办法》”)的修订是自《物权法》出台后所推出应收账款质押这一担保方式后, 中国人民银行进一步对当事方从事应收账款质押登记活动进行的规范和明确。 Continue Reading

“史上最严”食品安全法二次修订

Posted in compliance

作者:金杜律师事务所 合规业务组

为了加强对我国食品安全的监管,继2013年10月国务院向社会公布《中华人民共和国食品安全法(修订草案送审稿)》(“送审稿”)并征求意见之后,2014年6月,全国人大常委在其网站公布了《中华人民共和国食品安全法(修订草案)》(“一次修订案”),继续向社会公开征求意见。之后,根据全国人大常委会组成人员和各方面的意见,对修订草案作了修改,于2014年12月形成了《中华人民共和国食品安全法(修订草案二次审议稿)》(“二次修订案”)。相比以参考政府意见为主的修订案,二次修订案的审议有了更多企业、消费者协会、新闻媒体等各方面的参与,使得其在保护消费者权利,规范经营者行为上有了更多的考虑。本篇简讯将对《食品安全法》的送审稿和两次修订案的亮点进行回顾并对二次修订案中的新修内容进行解读。 Continue Reading

The Second Revised Amendment of the Strictest Food Safety Law in History

Posted in compliance

By king & Wood Mallesons’ Compliance Group

In order to strengthen the supervision of food safety in China, the National People’s Congress published the “People’s Republic of China Food Safety Law (Revised Amendment)” (“First Revised Amendment”) for public comment on its official website in June 2014. Earlier, in October 2013, the “People’s Republic of China Food Safety Law (Amendment)” (“Amendment”) was published for comment by the State Council. Based on views of the members of the National People’s Congress, the “People’s Republic of China Food Safety Law (The Second Revised Amendment)” (“Second Revised Amendment”) was published in December 2014. Compared to the First Revised Amendment, mainly drafted by the government, the Second Revised Amendment incorporates public views and suggestions. As a result, the Second Revised Amendment is more considerate towards consumer rights and operators’ behavior. This newsletter reviews the highlights of the three Amendments to the People’s Republic of China Food Safety Law and discusses the new provisions of the Second Revised Amendment. Continue Reading

A New Era for the PRC Foreign Investment Regime —— An Introduction to the Discussion Draft Foreign Investment Law of PRC

Posted in Mergers & Acquisitions

By Xu Ping Mark Schaub and Jennifer Yao King & Wood Mallesons’ M&A Group

On 19 January 2015, the Ministry of Commerce of the PRC (“MOFCOM”) published a discussion draft of the proposed new Foreign Investment Law (“Draft FIL”) on its official website for public comments. As part of a trend of transforming the role of government in the economy and simplifying red tape, this new legislation will revamp how China interacts with foreign investment which has been long-awaited.

China is not the same country when the Sino-foreign Equity Joint Venture Enterprise Law was promulgated in 1979. In addition to its rapid growth and developing economy, there has been in recent years strong and sustained growth in outbound investments by Chinese enterprises. This has led to China changing from a net capital inflow country to a net capital outflow country in 2014. No doubt China’s perspectives and strategies on both inbound and outbound investment regime have reshaped dramatically reflecting the changing economic landscape. Continue Reading

委托贷款新规核心条款

Posted in Finance

作者:钟鑫 胡喆 陈府申 金杜律师事务所银行

2015年1月16日, 银监会颁布了《商业银行委托贷款管理办法(征求意见稿)》(以下简称“《征求意见稿》”)。该等《征求意见稿》体现了监管部门对于委托贷款业务监管思路与方式的重大调整, 将对资产管理业务、互联网金融业务以及信托业务均产生深远影响。本文即拟对核心条款进行解读, 重点梳理其对于各类金融业务领域的影响。 Continue Reading