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China Law Insight

China Depth, International Expertise

注册资本登记制度改革的认识误区

Posted in Corporate

作者:黄建雯 金杜律师事务所公司

随着《注册资本登记制度改革方案》和《公司法》修正案等相关法律、法规的颁布实施,我国一直以来实行的公司注册资本实缴登记制成为历史,公司监管进入注册资本认缴登记制的新时代。在认缴登记制下,法律不再强制规定公司股东实缴注册资本的时间和比例,取消了一般公司的注册资本最低限额,同时实缴注册资本不再作为公司在工商部门的登记事项。

本次注册资本制度改革是我国公司注册资本监管制度继2005年《公司法》修订之后的又一次划时代改革。在认缴登记制下,公司设立的门槛进一步降低,公司设立和运营过程中股东自主协商和约定的范围进一步扩大,监管部门将更多的监管权力让渡给市场主体以及社会大众。但是,在解读认缴登记制的同时,我们不仅要关注门槛的降低,也要正确认识新制度背景下的法律要求和规范,避免对制度和法律错误解读。 Continue Reading

生产安全事故应急预案新规定

Posted in Corporate, Mergers & Acquisitions

作者:赵曰耀 戴牧 金杜律师事务所公司并购

生产安全事故涉及到企业正常商业经营活动的开展。近年来,国家针对生产安全事故应急预案发布了一系列新法规以及新标准,为了衔接这些新文件与现行《生产安全事故应急预案管理办法》(“管理办法”),并贯彻“简明扼要、管用有效”的新应急预案编制原则,国家安全生产应急救援指挥中心于2014年5月28日发布了《生产安全事故应急预案管理规定(修订稿)》[1]。修订稿对现行管理规定修订的幅度较大。其中重点修订内容如下:

预案编制强调简明有效

与2009年版管理办法相比,修订稿对应急预案编制进行了部分修改。首先,修订稿将原有的应急组织和人员职责修订为应急预案需要规定具体的应急组织体系。这一修改照顾到了在一些人员流动性大且具有高度安全风险的企业中,严格遵守责任落实到人的客观困难。也强调了应急组织体系本省的重要性与独立性。其次,修订稿将预防次生、衍生事故的措施加入了预案编制范围,鉴于一些大型工矿生产事故存在后续的安全隐患,对于衍生事故和次生事故的应急程序可以促使企业在实施救援抢险时更加科学、合理。此外,修订稿规定包括应急组织机构和人员,以及应急物资清单等信息的预案附件需简洁有效,且整体预案需要与其他相关预案相互衔接,同时,预案编制的内容也得到了简化,更加强调预案的实用性。 Continue Reading

Revised Amendment to the PRC Food Safety Law

Posted in compliance

By king&WoodMallesons’ Compliance Group

The “People’s Republic of China Food Safety Law (Revised Amendment)” (“Revised Amendment“) was submitted for public comment via National People’s Congress’ official website in June 2014. The first Amendment is the “People’s Republic of China Food Safety Law (“Amendment“), which was submitted to the State Council for comments in late 2013. The State Council received numerous comments and proposals and thus made further modifications to the Amendment. Compared with the Amendment, the content of the Revised Amendment is much more comprehensive, it further increases fines for food safety violations, regulates health food advertising and record management, clarifies food safety training requirements, and specifically addresses infant formula production safety, all of which reflect the growing attention paid by the state to food safety issues. This newsletter will discuss the differences between the Amendment and the Revised Amendment and the underlying rationale behind the differences: Continue Reading

Key pointers in drafting a merchandizing agreement in China

Posted in Corporate

By Cecilia Lou and Vincent Yu King&WoodMallesons’ Corporate Group

Merchandizing the image of TV or movie character has become a common practice since long ago. Right owners not only use merchandizing as a way of publicity but also benefit from the sales of merchandise. In China, laws are silent on right to merchandize. Nevertheless, right owners can still harness the existing IP and civil rights regime to establish merchandise agreements for purposes of collecting royalty and enhance publicity. This article provides some of the key pointers in crafting the merchandise agreements.

LICENSOR

Licensors need to double confirm whether they have right to enter into the merchandise agreements. Licensors can be copyright owner, trademark owner, design patent owner, or a licensee of the right owners. In the last scenario, it is advised for licensor to obtain a license to sublicense and enforce the right. For example, a movie studio may need to get a license from the actor to explore actor’s image in the movie. Also, overseas right owners may need to grant a merchandise right to the distributor or agent in China. In all, licensors should avoid situation where their right to dispose or license is limited. Continue Reading

最高院认可境外仲裁机构在华仲裁第一案

Posted in Dispute Resolution

作者:张守志 胡科 田静 金杜律师事务所跨境争议解决

2013年3月作出的《最高人民法院关于申请人安徽省龙利得包装印刷有限公司与被申请人BP Agnati S.R.L.申请确认仲裁协议效力案的复函》([2013]民四他字第13号),认可选择国际商会仲裁院仲裁、管辖地为上海的仲裁协议有效。这对中国向境外仲裁机构开放其仲裁业务市场具有里程碑意义。

批复

这一批复刊载于最近发布的《涉外商事海事审判指导》第26辑。该案中的仲裁条款为:“任何因本合同引起的或与其有关的争议应被提交国际商会仲裁院,并根据国际商会仲裁院规则由按照该等规则所指定的一位或多位仲裁员予以最终仲裁。管辖地应为中国上海,仲裁应以英语进行。”合肥市中级人民法院和安徽省人民法院逐级请示最高人民法院批复。 Continue Reading

返程投资外汇登记进入2.0时代

Posted in Outbound Investment

作者:聂卫东 龚牧龙 王立新 晁燕华 金杜律师事务所

国家外汇管理局于2014年7月14日在其网站上公开了《国家外汇管理局关于境内居民通过特殊目的公司境外投融资及返程投资外汇管理有关问题的通知》(汇发[2014]37号)(“37号文”),对境内居民设立境外特殊目的公司并返程投资的外汇管理制度做出了改革性的新规定。这一新规正式废止了著名的75号文,即《国家外汇管理局关于境内居民通过境外特殊目的公司融资及返程投资外汇管理有关问题的通知》(汇发[2005]75号)。新的规定涉及面更广,一经面世便引起了业界热烈的关注。本文希望能呈现给读者一个简明、中肯而有深度的介绍。 Continue Reading

金杜《中国法律期刊》7月刊出版

Posted in Uncategorized

《中国法律期刊》是金杜律师事务所中英双语专业法律期刊,全部文章为本所律师原创,涵盖近期法律热点、介绍金杜经典案例,重在对法律实务问题的深入探究,强调对时效性热点问题的快速反馈。目前,7月刊已上传至金杜律师事务所官网的“出版物”下,点击图片即可获悉更多内容并全刊下载。

China Bulletin is King & Wood Mallesons’ bilingual legal journal. All articles are produced by our lawyers, covering various latest legal topics and our important cases. We focus on the deep analysis on legal affairs and take a fast approach to hot topics. Today, the July issue of China Bulletin has been uploaded to our official website under Publication section. Click the image and get the access of downloading. Enjoy reading!

商品化许可协议起草要点

Posted in Corporate

作者:楼仙英 俞涤清 金杜律师事务所公司

将电影电视中的人物或动画形象进行商品化已经是全球娱乐界一种通行做法,这不仅是重要的宣传工具,也是权利所有者巨大的收入来源。在中国,法律并没有明确规定商品化权(right to merchandize)。但是权利所有者仍旧可以从传统的知识产权和人身权着手,与被许可人签订许可协议,从而获取相应的利润。本文简要介绍权利人在中国签订商品化权许可协议时所需要重点考虑的要点。

许可人

许可人需要确认自己是否是有权签订许可协议。许可人可以是著作权人、商标权人、或外观设计专利权人,也可以是从真正的权利所有者处获得许可的分许可人。对于后种情况,我们建议许可人从真正权力所有者获得分许可、维权等全方位的权利。例如,在一部电影中,需要演员签订相应的许可协议将特定形象的肖像权许可给许可方进行商品化。另外,国外版权所有者可以对中国的发行方或代理方授予一个对作品内容的商品化许可。总之,许可人需要尽量避免出现无权处分的情况。 Continue Reading

Updated Forecast for the Chinese Games Industry: Mostly Sunny with a High Chance of Clouds

Posted in FDI

By Mark Schaub and David Hong King&WoodMallesons’ Foreign Direct Investment Group

As we explored in our February 2014 article, “Free Trade Zone has Silver Lining for Gaming Companies,” China has loosened its ban on the sale of video game consoles and games to domestic consumers. Under new policies of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone, video game manufacturers will be allowed to produce both consoles and games for sale to Chinese consumers for the first time since 2000.

This relaxation of the ban does not mean that controversial games like Grand Theft Auto will be released in China anytime soon. New regulations were released on April 21, 2014 which describe the approval process for video game manufacturers and also the categories of video game content that remains off limits. Continue Reading

中国游戏产业最新播报:以晴为主,时有多“云”

Posted in FDI

作者: Mark Schaub 和 David Hong 金杜律师事务所外商投资

正如我们在2014年2月的文章中所说的:“游戏公司在上海自贸区尚有一线生机,”中国已放宽了将游戏主机和电子游戏销售给国内用户的禁令。在上海自贸区的新政策之下,电子游戏生产商将会自2000以来首次被允许将游戏主机以及电子游戏销售给中国用户。

但是,此次禁令的放宽并不意味着有争议的电子游戏诸如“侠盗猎车手”能于短期内在中国发布。在2014年4月21日发布的新规定中,规定了游戏生产商的审批流程,以及仍在禁令放宽范围之外的电子游戏类别。 Continue Reading