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China Depth, International Expertise

如何“量体裁衣”选择适合的国际仲裁机构?

Posted in Dispute Resolution

作者:刘郁武  吕梦丹  郑璇  金杜律师事务所争议解决组 

刘郁武近几十年来,随着中国经济的快速发展,中国企业的对外经济活动日益扩大深入。由于仲裁具有专业性、程序灵活性、保密性以及裁决跨境执行力等特点,仲裁成为中外企业国际经济活动中最受欢迎的争议解决机制之一。

本文将结合办案经验和仲裁实践中的情况,对中国企业如何选择合适的国际仲裁机构进行探讨。

中国企业的选择?

根据我国《民事诉讼法》第二百七十一条的规定,涉外经济贸易、运输、海事中发生 的纠纷,当事人可以通过订立书面仲裁协议提交我国涉外仲裁机构或者其他仲裁机构仲裁。也就是说,在涉外纠纷中,中国企业既可以选择提交我国的仲裁机构仲 裁,如中国国际经济贸易仲裁委员会(CIETAC)、北京仲裁委员会等,也可以选择提交境外的仲裁机构仲裁,如巴黎国际商会仲裁院(ICC)、香港国际仲 裁中心(HKIAC)等。

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污染场地未经修复,不得进行流转及开发建设

Posted in Mergers & Acquisitions

作者:吴青 金杜律师事务所并购

吴青2014年环保部与国土资源部联合发布了全国土壤污染状况调查公报,显示全国土壤总的超标率为16.1%,全国工业企业用地中有高于30%的土壤受到污染。与大气污染、水污染等可直观感到的污染相比,土壤污染较为隐蔽,难以发现,而且不可逆转和难以治理,对环境的破坏更为严重和深远。

随着我国化解产能过剩矛盾、调整优化产业结构及老工业区整体搬迁改造等工作的部署实施,全国数万家企业正在陆续实施搬迁。同时,在企业重组、并购等活动中,也涉及大面积的企业搬迁活动。在各类搬迁中, 排污企业以及重污染企业留下了大片受到严重污染的土地。这些受到污染的土地如不经修复,直接进行二次使用将会造成严重的环境后果,而土壤修复需要大量的资金和漫长的时间,因此,污染土地未经修复、不得进行转让、开发是治理土壤污染、保护土壤环境的必要措施与核心。

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The New Engineering Contract – Antidote to arbitration?

Posted in Global Network

By Julia Court, Paul Starr, Richard Lyons and Suraj Sajnani King and Wood Mallesons

Tcourt_jstarr_phelyons_richard NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract (“NEC3”) is on a mission to reconstruct the way in which engineering and construction contracts are carried out. From its novel approach to language to the spirit of collaboration which is embedded throughout the contract – the NEC3 takes great leaps away from the adversarial culture of traditional contracts, such as the JCT or FIDIC suite of contracts and the standard forms typically used in Hong Kong in the public and private sectors.

One such leap is the effect that the NEC3 has on disputes arising out of the contract. Proponents of the NEC3 state that its anti-dispute nature is a large reason for its popularity, and point to the limited pool of relevant case law as support for the position that the NEC set of contracts discourage litigation. Continue Reading

新工程合同——仲裁解药?

Posted in Global Network

作者:Julia CourtPaul StarrRichard Lyons与Suraj Sajnani 金杜律师事务所

court_jstarr_plyons_richardNEC3工程施工合同(“NEC3”)的任务是重塑工程施工合同的实施方式。从新颖的方式,到语言,再到贯穿整个合同的合作精神——NEC3取得了突破性进展,摆脱了JCT或FIDIC系列合同及常用于香港公共及私营部门的标准格式合同等传统合同的对抗性文化。

进展之一是NEC3对合同产生的争议的影响。NEC3的支持者称,NEC3的厌讼性质是其广受欢迎的一大原因,并指出相关判例法数量有限,以此支撑NEC系列合同不鼓励诉讼的观点。 Continue Reading

互联网保险业务终于出师有名

Posted in Securities

作者:张毅 宋瑞秋 薛晓波 金杜律师事务所证券

张毅宋瑞秋中国保监会近日在内部印发了《互联网保险业务监管暂行办法》(下称“《办法》”),这是继7月18日十部委联合发布《关于促进互联网金融健康发展的指导意见》之后,第一个落实的互联网金融分类监管细则。2014年12月,中国保监会曾发布《互联网保险业务监管暂行办法(征求意见稿)》(下称“《意见稿》”)公开征求意见。本文拟分析《办法》的现实意义,并通过比对《意见稿》和《办法》的改动,尝试理解监管部门的监管态度。

该《办法》的出台适逢互联网保险业务的持续增长期,很多规定从无到有,对规范现已存在的互联网保险经营行为颇具现实意义。统计数据显示,2014年互联网保险业务累计实现保费收入858.9亿元,同比增长195%。与此同时,互联网保险业务占总保费业务收入的比例达4.2%,成为拉动保费增长的重要因素之一。另外,互联网保险经营主体也不断扩容,截至2014年共有85家保险公司开展互联网保险业务,比上一年度新增26家,其中中资公司58家,外资公司27家;2015年年中,为进一步发挥保险业在互联网金融专业化方面的优势,保监会批准筹建易安财产保险股份有限公司、安信财产保险有限责任公司和泰安在线财产保险股份有限公司三家互联网保险公司。

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太湖锅炉公司与卡拉卡托公司、无锡中行保函欺诈纠纷案评析

Posted in Dispute Resolution

作者:雷继平 孙静 金杜律师事务所争议解决

2010年3月25日,为完成某项发电机组建设工程项目,江苏太湖锅炉股份有限公司(以下简称“太湖锅炉公司”)作为承包商和卡拉卡托工程有限公司(以下简称“卡拉卡托公司”)签订了一份项目合同 (以下统称基础合同),并依约向中国银行股份有限公司无锡分行(以下简称“无锡中行”)申请开立了受益人为卡拉卡托公司的预付款保函和履约保函各一份。同时,双方在基础合同中明确约定,如太湖锅炉公司未能履行义务,卡拉卡托公司有权在任何时候依据保函的规定以见索即付的方式提取保函项下的款项。 此外,基础合同第32.3条载明:“本合同仅可经双方订立书面协议予以修订,……并且合同条款或者工程进度不能通过会议纪要或其他非正式文件变更,只能通过正式的修正案变更。 ”

2011年6月15日,双方以会议纪要 (以下简称《6.15会议纪要》)的形式改变了基础合同中的约定。并且该《6.15会议纪要》中载明:“会议纪要将被相等同的重写为太湖锅炉公司与卡拉卡托公司之间对之前合同的修正案。但是如在2011年7月3日之前,双方未能达成修正案,本会议纪要即作为修正案合法生效。”

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Cyber Security Draft Law Tightens Grip on China’s Network Security

Posted in Mergers & Acquisitions

By Wang Rui, Xiao Yu, and Andrew Fuller, King & Wood Mallesons’ M&A Group

汪律师Introduction

As early as 27 February 2014, President Xi Jinping, the head of the Office of the Central Leading Group for Cyberspace Affairs, said that “No cyber safety means no national security.”[1] On 1 July 2015, the National Security Law of the People’s Republic of China (《中华人民共和国国家安全法》)( NSL )[2] came into effect. For the first time, the NSL clearly provides that the state shall “safeguard sovereignty, security and development interests of cyberspace in the state.”[3]

Cyber security has become an increasingly prominent issue, and the Chinese government chosen to focus on several key areas of concern. First, illegal intrusions and attacks in cyberspace that seriously threaten China’s information infrastructure across all significant sectors. Second, increased illicit online activities that harm Chinese society, particularly in the areas of personal information theft and intellectual property misappropriation. Third, the increased use of China’s networks to promote terrorism, extremism, instigation, or subversion of the system, all of which threaten national security and the public interest.[4] Continue Reading

Why should parties consider Hong Kong as an arbitral venue?

Posted in Global Network

By Justin Lo, Alan Zhang and Alice Leung, King & Wood Mallesons’ Hong Kong Office

The growth in cross-border investment has led to more complex relationships between commercial parties, particularly where foreign elements are involved. Commercial parties are increasingly choosing international arbitration as the means to resolve their disputes.

For parties considering arbitration in the Asia Pacific Region, Hong Kong is an attractive arbitral venue for a number of reasons.

Independent and robust legal system

Hong Kong’s legal system is based on the rule of law, independence of the judiciary and preserves the common law. The World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report for 2013 and 2014 ranked Hong Kong number four in terms of judicial independence out of 148 jurisdictions, ahead of the UK, the US, Singapore and many members states of the European Union.

Hong Kong’s legal professionals are fully experienced and capable of providing clients with diversified professional legal advice and related services. Arbitrators in Hong Kong are regarded as independent and highly experienced in dealing with cross border commercial disputes. As such, Hong Kong is seen as a more attractive arbitration hub for domestic and foreign parties to resolve their disputes. Continue Reading

当事方为何应考虑将香港作为仲裁地?

Posted in Global Network

作者:Justin Lo  Alan Zhang  Alice Leung 金杜律师事务所香港办公室

跨境投资的增长使商事主体之间的关系更加复杂,特别是在涉及涉外因素时。越来越多的商事主体选择将国际仲裁作为解决纠纷的方法。

对于考虑在亚太地区进行仲裁的当事方,香港以诸多原因成为极具吸引力的仲裁地。

独立稳健的法律体系

香港的法律体系以法治和司法独立为根基,并且保留了普通法。2013年和2014年的《世界经济论坛全球竞争力报告》在司法独立性方面,将香港列为148个司法辖区中的第四名,领先于英国、美国、新加坡及众多欧盟成员国。

香港的法律专业人员经验丰富,能够为客户提供多样化的专业法律意见及相关服务。香港的仲裁员被认为具有独立性,并对处理跨境商事争议具有丰富经验。由此,香港被国内外当事方视为更具吸引力的争议解决仲裁地。 Continue Reading

Highlights of the draft cosmetics supervision regulations

Posted in Healthcare

By Huang Jianwen  King & Wood Mallesons’ Investment Group

huang_jianwenThe Regulations on the Supervision and Administration of Cosmetics (Draft for Review) (the “Draft for Review”) drafted by China Food and Drug Administration (the “CFDA”) was published on 20 July 2015 for public comments. The current regulation governing the supervision and administration of cosmetics in China is referred to as the Regulations Concerning the Supervision of the Hygiene of Cosmetics (the “Current Regulation”). The Draft for Review contains 7 chapters, 79 articles and approximately 13,000 characters compared to the Current Regulation’s 6 chapters, 35 articles and approximately 3,000 characters.

The Current Regulation was promulgated in 1989, and became effective in 1990. It focuses on implementing a supervisory system of government reviews and approvals rather than a purely market-based approach to regulation. The Current Regulation’s supervisory measures may be relatively deficient with respect to striking down regulatory violations. Continue Reading