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China Law Insight

China Depth, International Expertise

股权众筹的生存现状与监管动向分析

Posted in Securities, Uncategorized

作者:王鹏 陈少珠 金杜律师事务所证券

股权众筹在现行法律框架下的生存空间

与P2P网贷相类似,股权众筹也属于众筹的一种具体类型。股权众筹是集资人以一定比例的股权为回报向公众募集资金,投资者希望未来能获得股权增值的回报型众筹。众筹即向公众募集资金,自然要受到有关集资的法律法规,如《证券法》、《刑法》以及最高人民法院等部门关于审理或办理非法集资案件的解释、意见等(以下统称“集资法规”)的调整。但是,因为股权众筹还涉及公司股权的转让,因此还要受《公司法》等相关法律法规(以下统称“公司法规”)的规制。 Continue Reading

最高院法官对互联网金融案件审理原则的阐述

Posted in Dispute Resolution

作者:彭亚 金杜律师事务所争议解决

目前,我国互联网金融正处于急速发展的阶段。对此,包括央行、银监会等各监管机构也都在准备和起草有关管理性规范,以期我国的互联网金融能够良性发展。与此同时,虽然目前关于互联网金融尚未形成案例,但最高人民法院也对互联网金融投以了足够的关注。日前,最高人民法院审判委员会专职委员杜万华法官在“中国互联网金融法治高峰论坛”上,就互联网金融案件的审理等主题进行了演讲。杜法官的演讲,提到了对于互联网金融案件审理的以下原则,我们从争议解决的角度简要归纳、摘录如下:

原则一:金融法体系适用原则,即规制传统金融的法治规范同样适用于互联网金融。杜法官认为,互联网金融本质上是通过互联网开展金融业务,是对传统金融在交易技术、交易渠道、交易方式和服务主体等方面进行创新,互联网金融的功能是资金融通、发现价格、支付清算、风险管理等,并未超出传统金融的功能范围,因此规制传统金融的法治规范同样适用于互联网金融。与此同时,对于互联网金融所涉及的新问题如点击合同、电子合同的效力及证明、对消费者的特殊保护等问题,则需要对现行法律、行政法规进行解释和完善来加以规范。 Continue Reading

汽车销售与售后市场领域全新法律框架将现

Posted in Mergers & Acquisitions

作者:徐萍 姚丽娟 金杜律师事务所并购

伴随着中国汽车行业日渐升温的反垄断调查与执行,中国政府针对汽车销售与售后市场领域颁布了一系列新法律法规。预计汽车销售与售后市场领域的全新法律框架将有望形成。

立法动态

1. 停止汽车品牌授权经销商工商备案制度

2014年7月31日,国家工商行政管理总局(“工商总局”)发布了《关于停止实施汽车总经销商和汽车品牌授权经销商备案工作的公告》(“工商总局停止备案公告”)。根据公告,实施已近十年的汽车总经销商和汽车品牌授权经销商工商备案工作将于2014年10月1日起停止实施。同时,从事汽车销售的经销商和总经销商的营业执照经营范围将不再登记为“XX品牌汽车销售”,而将登记为更广义的“汽车销售”。 Continue Reading

Law Firm Mergers

Posted in Dispute Resolution

作者:Meg Utterback  King&Wood Mallesons’ Dispute Resolution Group

Mergers take patience and tolerance. The following is my experience in law firm mergers and I hope it helps you understand where I hope we are headed at KWM.

When I began practicing law in 1991, lawyers still aspired to join a law firm for life. The partners were like our parents, mentoring us and bringing us along as lawyers, imbuing both good and bad habits that they themselves had learned over the years. Oddly though, I do not long for the familial atmosphere of my original firm. Those days of practice, while comfortable, were not innovative. A lot of bad habits were passed down to junior partners. Not many partners were looking to be creative or change how the system worked. They had nice cars and kids in college and bills to pay so the status quo was safe.

In the past twenty-three years, the profession has taken a diametric shift. It began with lawyers being more inclined to change firms or develop new practice areas. The availability of new modes of communication via the internet, mobile phones and teleconferencing brought us closer together with our colleagues and with our clients. It also created a 24/7 work ethic that changed how we related to our jobs and our families. In this time, it became acceptable to change firms. In fact, by changing firms, you could see what worked and what didn’t work. The world also shrunk. I moved into bigger law firms and from the US East Coast, we often worked with our colleagues on the West Coast or traveled cross country to take depositions and try cases. It was no longer a provincial local practice. Continue Reading

用人单位能否因职工违反计划生育而解除劳动合同

Posted in Labor & Employment

作者:尹居全 金杜律师事务所劳动部合伙人

用人单位能否因职工违反计划生育政策而解除劳动合同,是常年困扰实务界的劳动问题之一。

职工违反计划生育政策,在《劳动法》及《劳动合同法》中并无直接对应的用人单位可单方解除劳动合同的情形条款。在司法实践中,仲裁员或法官大多从劳动者的违法行为性质、对用人单位造成的后果、以及用人单位本身的规章制度考虑,认定用人单位有权解除与劳动者订立的劳动合同。不过在解决此类争议时,仲裁员或法官们的裁判理由各有不同:或依据劳动合同之约定,或依据《劳动合同法》、《人口与计划生育法》等法律或地方性计划生育法规。

显然,司法实践对此争议的规范适用并无统一认识,只有在结论上达成一致。这种“条条大路通罗马”的状况,反映的是仲裁委员会或法院对于违反计划生育政策之劳动者评价普遍负面。 Continue Reading

最高院发布审理商标授权确权行政案件若干问题的规定(公开征求意见稿)

Posted in Trademark

作者:杨华 张家绮 金杜律师事务所商标

商标授权确权行政案件是人民法院审理的一类重要案件类型,在知识产权诉讼中占有较大的比重,近年来案件数量大幅增加,2013年人民法院受理的一审商标行政案件达到了2161件,2014年截止目前,法院受理的一审商标行政案件超过了1万件。为了明确和统一审理标准,正确审理商标授权确权行政案件,最高人民法院10月15日发布了《最高人民法院关于审理商标授权确权行政案件若干问题的规定》(公开征求意见稿),面向社会公开征求意见和建议。该意见稿总体上回应了一些司法实践中争议较大的突出问题,如大规模抢注的后果、代理人和代表人的确定、作品中的角色形象和角色名称的保护、共存协议的效力、诉讼期间提交的证据的采纳等问题。现有意见稿加强了对商标权人的保护,对商标权人维权提供了极大的法律支持。现将意见稿中比较值得关注的规定归纳如下:

大规模抢注行为的后果以及恶意的认定:

意见稿规定大量申请注册与他人有一定知名度的商标相同或者近似的商标,或者缺乏正当理由申请大量商标,可以适用商标法第四条、第四十四条规定不予注册或者宣告无效。在之前的司法实践中,对于大规模抢注行为,商评委和法院或者以没有法律依据为由核准抢注商标的注册、或者以《商标法》第十条一款八项不良影响驳回注册或宣告无效,或者以《商标法》第四十四条第一款不正当手段驳回注册或宣告无效,没有一个统一的法律适用标准,造成权利人法律选择上的茫然。意见稿明确了法律适用并规定了大规模抢注行为的不利后果,对遏制恶意抢注行为会产生积极的作用。 Continue Reading

阳光是最好的防腐剂——对美国《医生报酬阳光法案》的简介与评析

Posted in Dispute Resolution

作者:刘海涛 刘智威 金杜律师事务所争议解决

医患关系之中,患者的最大利益与医生从企业处所获取的经济利益之间存在着潜在的利益冲突。在我国医药行业,由于相关法律的缺失,导致医药企业的利益输送行为缺乏监管、行业内潜规则横行。本文将对美国《医生报酬阳光法案》进行简略介绍,旨在探寻监管医药企业利益输送行为的途径,以求达到平衡患者利益与医生利益的最终目的。

两种利益的博弈:患者的最大利益与医生的经济利益

对医生而言,医患关系是最为重要的关系。基于医生所掌握的专业技能与专业知识,患者在遭受疾病折磨之时往往对医生产生极大的依赖性,医生在面对患者的时候通常享有很大的话语权,医生与患者之间的关系不是平衡的。医患关系是建立在患者对医生信赖基础之上的信义关系,从理论上来讲,医生必须为患者的最大利益服务,并在不受任何其他因素影响的情况下,为患者设计出最佳的诊断方案。 Continue Reading

China Focuses on Bribery and Corruption in Multinational Companies

Posted in Dispute Resolution

By King & Wood Mallesons’ International Dispute Resolution Group

In recent years, several large multinational pharmaceutical companies have been found to be in violation of the Anti-Unfair Competition Law. Compliance in the area of commercial bribery is increasingly a focus of the Chinese authorities. Most recently, pharmaceutical companies have been punished in China for commercial bribery. Not only the companies, but also individual employees who have violated Chinese law, are being charged and prosecuted.

The State Administration of Industry and Commerce, as well as the administrative agencies of industry and commerce at lower levels, are primarily responsible for the enforcement of the anti-commercial bribery laws. The focus has been enforcement of the Anti-Unfair Competition Law and the Interim Provisions on Prohibition of Commercial Bribery (“Interim Provisions”). Continue Reading

什么样的主体可以取得矿产权?

Posted in Dispute Resolution

作者:金杜律师事务所国内争议解决组矿产资源诉讼仲裁团队

伴随着近年来我国矿业权利润突显,逐步成为社会主要投资热点。在矿产资源领域,投资人呈现多元化、无序化趋势。现实中,既有国有地勘单位、矿山企业,也有矿业投资公司和其他投资公司,甚至贸易、房地产、机械设备制造、信息技术等行业的企业也开始不断进入矿产资源勘查和开采领域,其中还包括大量个人或社团组织。那么,什么样的主体才可以取得矿业权?对此,国家法律设定了相应的门槛。 Continue Reading

Managing Risk and Avoiding Disputes in Global Infrastructure Projects

Posted in Dispute Resolution

By Meg Utterback  Holly Blackwell  King & Wood Mallesons’ Dispute Resolution Group

The risks faced by investors, owners and contractors on large infrastructure projects in Asia, South America, Africa and other developing nations are varied. Large scale projects to build infrastructure such as power plants, hydroelectric dams, highways, railways, and airports can range from US$100 million to billions of dollars in value. These projects often impact local populations, industries, and the environment. Because local resources are often limited, foreign contractors are called in to undertake the work. Project structures can create a wide web of contracts, contractors, and subcontractors subject to domestic and foreign regulations, codes, and procedures. Project owners and contractors often fail to consider project risks (or are too late in addressing them) resulting in additional costs and delay, diminished profit, and possible litigation. Risk cannot be eliminated but it can be managed. Continue Reading