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2020年4月,英国法院审议了赔偿条款的起草工作,特别是关于赔偿条款是否适用于当事人签署买卖协议前发生的损害。最终,决定赔偿是否适用的关键在于赔偿条款中使用的动词时态、该条款在协议中的位置、对保证和索赔限制的具体和一般处理以及股份购买协议中的更多规定。
Continue Reading 阐释赔偿条款时态是关键

2019年7月,英国最高法院审理了劳动合同中限制性条款(本案中为竞业禁止条款)的可执行性。限制性条款是通常包含在劳动合同中的具有约束力的条件,目的是为了保护雇主的业务不受雇员行为的影响。鉴于香港法院最近采用了Beckett测试(详见下文),其在未来也极有可能援引本案。
Continue Reading 英国最高法院对限制性条款进行严格的“蓝铅笔测试

In July 2019, the UK Supreme Court considered the enforceability of a restrictive covenant (in this case, a non-compete clause) in an employment contract.  Restrictive covenants are binding conditions typically contained in employment contracts which aim to protect the employer’s business from acts of the employee. As the Hong Kong Courts recently adopted the Beckett Test (see below for further information) this case is highly likely to also be adopted by the Hong Kong Courts in the future.
Continue Reading  The Supreme court sharpens the “Blue Pencil Test” for restrictive covenants

Last year the UK Courts were not afraid to imply rights of third parties into contracts, such as letters of instruction. Chudley v Clydesdale Bank Plc showed possibility of third parties succeeding in making a claim under contracts to which they are not a party and highlights the importance of understanding (i) in which circumstances the Courts will do so; and (ii) which elements of drafting would help or hinder third party claims.
Continue Reading You may have Third Party Rights even if you don’t know a contract exists