Regulations on Expropriation and Compensation of Housing on State-owned Land

By Yan Jun and Chen Haiting King & Wood’s Real Estate Group

With urbanization surging in China, conflicts triggered by urban housing demolition constitute a grave threat to social stability. In order to cope with the legislative demands posed by new situations, China’s State Council ("CSC") made amendments to the Administrative Regulations on Urban Housing Demolition and Relocation(1)("2001 Regulations") and promulgated the Regulations on Expropriation and Compensation of Housing on State-owned Land on January 21, 2011 ("New Regulations").

Compared to the 2001 Regulations, the New Regulations set forth some principles in housing expropriation. The New Regulations stipulate that compensation standards should be set no lower than market prices, and require increased transparency during the expropriation process. The New Regulations specify circumstances under which compulsory expropriation can be conducted for the sake of the public interest. Though there are still some debatable points to be clarified, the New Regulations have made significant improvements in the regulation of public rights and the protection of private rights. The promulgation of the New Regulations caters to the economic and social development of China, which fully reflects China’s legislative progress in building a more democratic society. This article will explore the major changes and highlights of the New Regulations.

Continue Reading Understanding the Regulations on Expropriation and Compensation of Housing on State-owned Land

作者:颜俊 陈海婷  金杜律师事务所房地产

随着城市化的进一步推进,拆迁引发的矛盾愈发突出,这已成为社会一大不稳定因素。为适应新形势下的法治要求,国务院启动了对2001年修订的《城市房屋管理拆迁条例》(“旧条例”)(1)的修法程序,并于2011年1月21日公布并实施了《国有土地上房屋征收与补偿条例》(“新条例”)。

与旧条例相比,此次新条例的主要变化是明确了补偿标准市场化、征收程序透明化、公共利益明晰化、强制征收司法化等新制度、新原则,虽然还有不少值得探讨和需要进一步完善的地方,但新条例已有明显的进步以及不少的亮点。新条例在规范公权、保护私权方面有了突破,是一部与当前经济社会发展相适应,充分反映了中国民主法治水平的行政法规。本文将对新条例的一些主要变化和亮点作简要说明。

Continue Reading 解读《国有土地上房屋征收与补偿条例》