On 1 January 2019, the Supreme People’s Court (“SPC”) officially established an appellate-level intellectual property tribunal (“SPC IP Tribunal”), which is somewhat similar to the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in terms of its function and role, in accordance with the Decision of the Standing Committee of National People’s Congress on Several Issues Concerning Litigation Procedures of Patent and other IP Cases dated 26 October 2018.
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在对前景知识产权完全归属一方的安排不能达成一致的情况下,很多合作方选择简单约定由双方共有,或一些跨境的技术交易会约定根据前景知识产权的产生地法律规定来决定。这看似是一条解决问题的捷径,但从法律角度来讲,这只是在一定程度上把问题拖延到下一阶段来商议解决,而且考虑到不同类型的知识产权在不同管辖区域的法律法规的差异性,这样安排反而可能造成更大的不确定性。
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When sending red packets on WeChat or making purchases on Taobao for the first few times, one might have this question in mind or for their friends: is it reliable, sending or receiving money with just a tap on the smartphone or a click of the mouse? They are no magic, just increasingly popular applications of electronic signature, or e-signature, in our daily life in an era of Internet and digital technology. In addition to the e-commerce scenarios above, it is already a common practice to transmit and retain files in electronic formats for business activities. However, legal instruments which are customarily regarded as more rigorous than e-commerce transactions are still generally forbidden or unnoticed for the application of electronic signature. In practice, when it is required to execute legal instruments officially, people would still print them out and affix their seals or signatures physically as they traditionally do. This would inevitably incur significant time costs for the execution process. Moreover, given the persistent issue of “fake stamps”, this time-consuming traditional approach may not necessarily render a higher reliability.
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侵害商业秘密类的案件中有相当一部分是技术秘密类案件。 相较于其他类型的侵权案件,技术秘密侵权纠纷在法律适用和事实认定方面均难度较高,本文旨在从商业秘密的固定、商业秘密的法定构成要件和商业秘密的内容对比等几个方面简要阐述被控技术秘密侵权时的抗辩要点, 并可作为该类案件被告的参考避险指南。
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广州市天河区人民法院认定《此间的少年》一书作者的行为构成不正当竞争,判决由被告承担停止侵权及赔偿责任。我们认为,判决通过反不正当竞争法对作者合法权益给予保护,制止同人作品“搭便车”行为,规范市场竞争秩序,显然具有重要意义。
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